Cottage Grove operates under a council-administrator form of government, in which Village Board members are elected by the residents to set policy and give direction to village staff.

The Village Board selects the Village Administrator to implement policy and oversee all village operations according to the village's mission, vision, and values. The Village of Cottage Grove employs approximately 39 people driven by core values of exceptional respect, innovation, excellence, integrity & celebration. 

The Administration Department serves as the hub for Village government administrative, communications, and personnel-related operations. The Administrative Department strives effectively and efficiently to other department personnel, residents, appointed and elected officials, and the general public.